King Menkaure (middle sculpture) is featured here with
the goddess Hathor (on his right) and the nome of
Diospolis Parva (on his left). Menkaure was a pharaoh
during the time of the Old Kingdom of the Fourth
dynasty of Egypt. According to the Eternal Egypt
website, "It is said that the King wished to enjoy
resurrection and fertility from Hathor and endless
offerings from the nomes"
The social hierarchy is evident in this sculpture as we
see King Menkaure as an authoritative figure, larger
than the other figures and his body stepping forward.
Menkaure ordered the construction of the third and
smallest of the Pyramids of Giza. He was the
successor of Khafra.
Hathor, an Ancient Egyptian goddess who
embodied the principles of beauty, love, music,
motherhood and joy. Also known as the "Mistress
of the West", she was known for welcoming the
dead into the next life.
Diospolis Parva, or Bat, the 7th nome of Upper
Egypt,was a cow goddess in Egyptian mythology who
had the face of a human, and the ears and horns of a
Egyptian 4th Dynasty (c.2613-2498 BC)
height: 92.5 cms